Solar Energy is booming in India. It is a fast growing industry. Under its ambitious National Solar Mission, India has plans of executing 100 GW (Giga Watt) of solar power by 2022. Of this 100 GW, 60 GW has been planned through ground mounted installations while the rest 40 GW will be from rooftop sector. India receives more than 300 sunny days making it a resource rich country for solar power. India’s solar capacity has already increased by 370% in the last three years. But, we still have a long road to cover in order achieve our ambitious plans. This post is all about Solar Energy India.
As can be seen from the above picture, almost the whole India receives good sunshine throughout the year.
What is Solar Energy
Solar energy is the abundant energy available from the Sun. This is the source of energy we feel every day. Life on earth is possible only because of this form of energy.
The energy available from the sun can be of two types, viz., heat and light. Both these forms of energy from the Sun are abundant and are easily available. Solar energy is so abundant that we use only a fraction of this energy as compared to the energy available from the Sun. We can use, both heat and light in different ways to utilize solar energy to suit our needs.
Why do we need Solar Energy
India is still an energy scarce country. Recently, Government of India has announced that electricity has reached all corners of the country. This is a big achievement for a country as massive and populated as India. But, supply is still a big concern in almost all parts of the country except few metropolitan cities. This is one area where solar energy can be employed.
Other people, living in metropolitan areas, where electricity supply is sufficient can earn from their solar plants. You can earn as much as 25% returns on you investment upon installing a solar system. Yes, solar plant is an investment. The return keeps on increasing, with an increase in the size of solar plant. To know more about this, click here.
Pollution, global warming and climate change has already become a global concern and countries all over the world are figuring out ways to counter this phenomenon. India is not out of this mess either. Cities in India like New Delhi, Gurugram and Faridabad are no longer cities for healthy living. The pollution in these cities is causing several respiratory and cardiovascular health issues to those living here. There are days in the year when Air Quality Index (AQI) cross seven hundred points in some of these cities. Today, you have to wear a mask to protect yourself from air pollution, especially during days of extra high pollution. Asthma, stroke, heart attacks and cancer are some of the diseases caused by this. Pictures of lungs affected by pollution can be easily found on the internet and some of them have got viral on twitter. Some researches have shown that, children living in these cities have lungs of a chain smoker, even though they have never smoked in their entire life. It is believed that, as many as ten thousand people die prematurely every year in India’s capital city of New Delhi due to air pollution.
All this climate issue is a big concern for India and the whole world. A big part of this pollution comes from generating electricity by conventional ways. All this pollution can be eliminated all together, if we install a solar system. To know, how much carbon dioxide (CO2) can be saved using a solar plant, click here.
Solar Resource in India
India is blessed with bright sunshine almost over the entire year. We receive more than 300 sunny days in a year. Estimates suggest that, solar radiation incident on India is equivalent to about 5000 trillion units (kWh). This is even more than the energy output of all possible fossil fuel reserves in India. Our consumption is not even a percent of solar radiation being incident upon us. This can be seen from the pie chart below.
This means, India has enough solar energy as a resource that all its energy needs can be taken care off, if it develops and employs solar energy to the fullest.
National Solar Mission
India has formulated an ambitious National Solar Mission under which India has plans to achieve Solar systems of capacity 100 GW by 2022. Among these, 60 GW will come from ground mounted solar systems. While the rest 40 GW will be from rooftop projects.
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India along with Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) are responsible for planning and executing schemes and tenders to promote Solar Energy India. All states in India have their own State Nodal Agencies for promoting and implementing Solar Energy India.
To promote the development of solar energy in India, Government of India provides various types of subsidies, incentives and tax benefits to various types of customers making it a great proposal for everyone.
National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) in Gurugram has been set up by Government of India as a premier research institution for solar power in India.
International Solar Alliance (ISA)
ISA is an international alliance for cooperation among solar resource rich countries. The alliance primarily comprises of countries lying either completely or partly between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. As of 2017, the International Solar Alliance has 121 members. The alliance was founded in Paris, France and has its headquarter in Gurugram in India.
Being home to the headquarter of International Solar Alliance, India is an important member of the alliance.
Solar Energy in India
India has an ambitious target of 100 GW by 2022 under its National Solar Mission. This is yet to come but we have already made great strides in this sector. As per data available on Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India website on the date of writing this post:
- India ranks 6th in the world in total solar power installed.
- Capacity of Solar Energy in India has increased eight times from 2,630 MW in 2013-14 to 22,000 MW (22 GW) in 2017-18. Such a leap in just four years.
- Per unit cost of solar energy has been reduced significantly as compared to the rates a few years ago.
- Solar Street Light installations have been doubled.
- Solar Home Lighting system have also increased by 1.5 times.
- Solar pump in farmlands have increased significantly.
- Millions of solar lamps have been distributed to the students.
- Various solar parks have been set up in India and many more are being created.
As the cost of solar energy continues to decrease in India, it is providing ever faster and better returns on investment. You can get as much as 25% return on your investment by installing a solar plant on your roof. The return keeps on getting better as the capacity of solar plant increases. To know more about this, click here.
We believe that by 2020, more than 50% of households in India, will have a solar plant installed. If you do not want to be left behind and you want to match up with India, install a solar plant today. Get a free quote by clicking here and filling the form.
Go Solar, Go Zonfos