International Solar Alliance

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International Solar Alliance, abbreviated as ISA, is an international coalition for solar resource rich countries. These are the countries which enjoy optimal sunshine for almost the entire year. International Solar Alliance member countries lie wholly or partly between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Though countries not lying between these two tropics can also join the alliance as Partner Countries. International Solar Alliance provides a common platform for cooperation among member countries to meet their energy needs through solar energy in a safe, affordable, sustainable and convenient way. This will not only fulfill energy needs of these countries but will also help in countering climate change. International Solar Alliance works in cooperation with international agencies working in related fields such as International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), International Energy Agency (IEA), Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) and United Nations bodies etc.

Currently (As in 2017), there are 121 prospective member countries in International Solar Alliance. Out of these countries 70 have signed ISA framework agreement and 47 countries have both signed and ratified the ISA framework agreement. The list is given below in the article.

International Solar Alliance
International Solar Alliance member countries | Map created with mapchart.net

International Solar Alliance Formation

International Solar Alliance (ISA) was formed on November 30th, 2015. The alliance was created at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, France. It was launched by Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India and François Hollande, former President of France. The alliance was created in the presence of Ban Ki Moon, the then Secretary General of the United Nations.

However, the ISA framework agreement was opened for signatures on November 15th, 2016 at Marrakesh in Morocco.

International Solar Alliance Headquarter

International Solar Alliance
ISA headquarter location on map

International Solar Alliance (ISA) has its headquarter in Gurugram, India. The headquarter is located in National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) campus. NISE is a premier solar research institution in India. It is an autonomous institute governed by Government of India. Government of India has allocated 5 acres (20,000 square meters) of land in NISE campus for building ISA headquarter.

The foundation stone of headquarter of International Solar Alliance was laid by Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India and François Hollande, former President of France. They also inaugurated the interim Secretariat of International Solar Alliance (ISA) in the same campus. This happened on January 25th, 2016, a day before India’s 67th Republic Day.

Government of India will host ISA Secretariat for a 5 year term from 2016-17 to 2020-21. Further, India will donate $27 million to ISA for creating corpus, building infrastructure and recurring expenditure.

International Solar Alliance Mission

International Solar Alliance’s mission is to mobilize $1000 billion of investments for deployment of solar energy by 2030. The coalition aims to decrease the cost of technology and help in getting finance for better acceptance and development of solar energy in the member country. ISA works to identify common challenges faced by countries and ways to overcome these challenges for promoting this sector.

ISA works to develop new innovative technologies to decrease cost and improve efficiency and acceptance of solar energy.

The alliance aims to bring prosperity, energy security and sustainable development for the people living in member countries.

International Solar Alliance Objective

The most important objective of the International Solar Alliance is to recognize the common challenges in solar energy sector for its member countries. Then, with the contribution of all its member countries and territories, ISA tries to overcome these challenges or obstacles.

The alliance encourages its members to work in cooperation with organizations, public and private stake holders and even non-member countries for research and development, innovation, finance and capacity building benefiting the alliance.

International Solar Alliance Work

To achieve its objective and mission, International Solar Alliance undertakes following work:

  • Creating networks to share knowledge and technology
  • Collaborations is Research and Development among member countries
  • Acquisition and application of knowledge, technology and skills by local stakeholders
  • Creating test, monitoring and verification common standards and protocols
  • Sharing knowledge through participation of officials and technology and finance specialists in various programs in member countries
  • Encourage companies to startup joint ventures in member countries
  • Creating new and innovative financial mechanisms to promote solar energy in member countries
  • Collaboration with various international organizations and countries to increase utilization of solar energy in member countries

International Solar Alliance Member Countries

As of 2017, International Solar Alliance has 121 prospective member countries and territories. Many of these countries have signed the ISA framework agreement and out of these many have both signed and ratified the ISA framework agreement. The table below shows the complete list of prospective countries and out of them how many have signed and how many have both signed and ratified the ISA framework agreement.

Note that, for convenience

  • Countries which have only signed ISA framework agreement are colored yellow.
  • Countries which have both signed and ratified ISA framework agreement are colored green.

S. No.

Country Signed

Ratified

1

Algeria Yes

2

Antigua and Barbuda

3

Angola
4 Argentina

5

Australia Yes Yes
6

Bahamas

7

Bangladesh Yes Yes
8

Barbados

9

Belize
10 Benin Yes

Yes

11

Bolivia

12

Botswana

13 Brazil Yes

14

Brunei

15

Burkina Faso Yes

Yes

16

Burundi

Yes

17

Cambodia

Yes

18

Cameroon

19

Cape Verde Yes

Yes

20

Central African Republic

21

Chad Yes

Yes

22

Chile

Yes

23

China

24

Colombia

25

Comoros Yes Yes
26 Democratic Republic of Congo Yes

Yes

27

Republic of Congo
28

New Zealand

29

Costa Rica Yes
30 Cote d’ivoire Yes

Yes

31

Cuba Yes Yes
32 Djibouti Yes

Yes

33

Commonwealth of Dominica Yes Yes
34 Dominican Republic

Yes

35

Ecuador
36 Egypt

Yes

37

El Salvador Yes
38 Equatorial Guinea

Yes

39

Eritrea
40 Ethiopia Yes

41

Fiji Yes Yes
42 France Yes

Yes

43

Gabon Yes

Yes

44

Gambia Yes

45

Ghana Yes

Yes

46

Grenada

Yes

Yes

47

Guatemala
48 Guinea Yes

Yes

49

Guinea-Bissau Yes
50 Guyana Yes

Yes

51

Haiti
52 Honduras

53

India Yes Yes
54 Indonesia

55

Jamaica
56

Japan

57

Kenya
58 Kiribati Yes

Yes

59

Laos
60 Liberia

Yes

61

Libya
62 Madagascar Yes

Yes

63

Malawi Yes

Yes

64

Malaysia
65 Maldives

66

Mali Yes Yes
67 Marshall Islands

68

Mauritania
69 Mauritius Yes

Yes

70

Mexico
71 Micronesia

72

Mozambique Yes
73 Myanmar Yes

Yes

74

Namibia Yes Yes
75 Nauru Yes

Yes

76

The Netherlands Yes
77 Nicaragua

78

Niger Yes Yes
79 Nigeria

Yes

80

Oman
81 Palau

82

Panama
83 Papua New Guinea Yes

Yes

84

Paraguay
85 Peru Yes

Yes

86

Philippines
87 Rwanda Yes

Yes

88

Saint Lucia
89

Saint Kitts and Nevis

90

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
91

Samoa

92

Sao Tome and Principe Yes Yes
93

Saudi Arabia

94

Senegal Yes Yes
95 Seychelles Yes

Yes

96

Sierra Leone
97

Singapore

98

Solomon Islands
99 Somalia Yes

Yes

100

South Africa
101 South Sudan Yes

Yes

102

Sri Lanka Yes Yes
103 Sudan Yes

Yes

104

Suriname Yes Yes
105 Tanzania

Yes

106

Thailand

107

Timor-Leste
108 Togo Yes

Yes

109

Tonga Yes Yes
110 Trinidad and Tobago

111

Tuvalu Yes Yes
112 Uganda Yes

Yes

113

United Arab Emirates Yes Yes
114 United Kingdom

Yes

115

United States of America
116 Vanuatu Yes

Yes

117

Venezuela Yes Yes
118 Vietnam

119

Yemen Yes
120 Zambia

Yes

121

Zimbabwe

Yes

International Solar Alliance Importance

International Solar Alliance primarily comprises of countries lying between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. These countries are the richest countries as far as solar as a resource is concerned. These countries receive more than 300 days of sunshine every year. ISA member countries receive so much solar radiation that it is sufficient to not only power their entire energy needs but it can power entire world’s energy needs.

Many countries lying between these two latitudes (Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) are energy deficient. They lack finances for creation of electricity generation plants in order to provide 24 hour electricity. Also, due to lack of funds, these countries do not invest in research and development and innovation. International Solar Alliance provides a platform for these countries to raise funds and develop solar plants based on better and latest technologies they’ll get to know through mutual cooperation.

International solar alliance aims to make solar energy affordable for poor people in member countries. It do this by innovation and research and development. Through its work, ISA has speed up development of better technologies which are available at lower cost. It introduces new financial mechanisms and schemes which are more favorable for the poor. Thus, making solar energy more affordable then ever.

ISA will train thousands of youth and people in member countries creating skilled workforce for the solar revolution. ISA will help in creating employment opportunities for this skilled youth through proper channels of investment and creating a large buyer market.

As more and more people and countries adapt solar energy, climate change problem can be countered more effectively. International Solar Alliance was founded in United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, so climate change, environment and sustainable development are important aspects for the international treaty based organization.

International Solar Alliance Achievements

International Solar Alliance has collaborated with various international organizations for successful implementation of its mission and objectives.

Some of the programs launched by ISA are as follows:

  • Scaling up Solar Applications for Agricultural Use
  • Affordable Finance at Scale
  • Scaling up Solar Mini-grids

On April 22nd, 2016, ISA signed a joint declaration with United Nations Development Program (UNDP) for cooperation in promoting ISA objectives in prospective member countries.

ISA also signed a joint declaration with World Bank on June 30th, 2016 for worldwide promotion of solar energy.

ISA signed a joint declaration with Climate Parliament on November 15th, 2016 to promote solar energy globally.

International Solar Alliance and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) signed a joint declaration on November 2nd, 2017 to deepen their cooperation in renewable energy sector.

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